Maintaining a normal blood glucose level is the primary concern that comes with being a diabetic. Millions of Americans are afflicted by Type 2 diabetes.
An estimated 21 million Americans are diagnosed to have diabetes with numbers escalating every year. Some people may be predisposed to diabetes due to genetic factors with apprehensions concerning the slow metabolic rate common to Type 2 diabetics.
Prevention is Always Better than Cure
Common symptoms include intensified thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, skin dryness and itchiness. In these cases, there are a variety of treatments. But by far prevention through a healthy lifestyle is the best route. Type 2 diabetes is identified to be more common to obese people aged 40 and above, with patients getting younger and younger.
Patients manifest higher levels of insulin than normal although it doesn’t necessarily stabilize blood glucose as to a person without the disease. This is because the body develops insulin resistance, each patient to different degree. Those with higher levels of insulin resistance are harder to manage. It can also be that the body induces too much monosaccharide or simple sugar that the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to control the glucose in the system.
Losing Weight and Keeping Fit
There are a variety of treatments available to someone with type 2 diabetes but by far the best solution to manage Type 2 diabetes is through weight loss fortified by a healthier diet and regular exercise.
Studies show that a 5 to 10 percent loss in body weight helps in blood glucose control and that this lowers chances of insulin resistance. Diabetes management entails necessary lifestyle changes to ensure prolonged success. To date, there is no known cure for diabetes which is why proper management is vital.
Managing your Glucose Level, Lipids and Blood Pressure
The usual diet recommendations for a diabetic are quite simply that of a normal healthy person’s. What are important are discipline, control and self-motivation. Someone diagnosed with diabetes should make it a priority to consult their diabetologist, endocrinologist, or a dietitian before making drastic changes in their daily diet. It is also important to have a Glycaemic Index (GI) and a calorie counter for reference. Looking at the nutritional labels of store-bought or restaurant-bought foods will be helpful in keeping track of your food intake.
A regular monitoring of your blood glucose should be enforced. Most diabetic complications arise from blatant disregard of one’s condition. An abnormal rise of glucose in the blood or an abrupt decline is the primary concern of a diabetic. Daily calorie intake should be lowered while physical activity should be augmented.
Simple carbohydrates such as chocolates, sweet pastries, white rice, cereals and potatoes should be minimized. This is because meals such as these take less time to be converted into glucose because they are already simple sugars making them faster to be absorbed in the bloodstream for the insulin to convert into energy or to modify for restoring.
A healthier lipid level is also an important part of managing diabetes. Heart ailments and circulatory diseases could also arise as complications. Dairy products such as milk, cheese and eggs are high in saturated fat, especially meat and poultry which should also be reduced.
Most Type 2 diabetics often also have high blood pressure. Having kidney problems and blindness in relation to a person’s diabetes also increases in probability. Regular exercise, decreasing salt and fat consumption are essential in preventing such problems. Excessive alcohol drinking and smoking should also be stopped.
What Types of Food Should a Diabetic Eat?
Complex carbohydrates such as vegetable, wheat bread and root crops are advisable for your diet as they take longer to be digested, reducing the risk of a sharp rise of blood glucose. These types of food slow the beta cells in the pancreas to generate insulin.
If cholesterol and saturated fat are bad for a person’s health there is also the good kind of fat. Monounsaturated fat found in fish and other healthy oils are great to be included in your diet. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) from fish helps lower the bad cholesterol in the body. Fish like salmon, mackerel or sardines can be cooked for healthier and more palatable dishes. Olive oil and sesame oil are great sources of HDL granted they are not cooked, as they lose their good oil when heated. Some types of nuts should also be consumed like almonds but they shouldn’t be roasted.
Meal replacement is also another choice; available in formula and whole-grain bar forms they could be used as an alternative. They contain measured exact doses of vitamins and minerals that you need making it convenient than regular meals.